Research vessel

 A research vessel (R/V) is a ship primarily constructed to carry out scientific research at sea.

Role of research vessels

Research vessels carry out a number of roles at sea. Some of these can be combined into a single vessel, others require a dedicated vessel. Fisheries science requires platforms which are capable of towing a number of different types of fishing net, collecting plankton or water samples from a range of depths, and carrying acoustic fish-finding equipment. Fisheries research vessels are often designed and built along the same lines as a large fishing vessel, but with space given over to laboratories and equipment storage, as opposed to storage of the catch. An example of a fisheries research vessel is the FRV Scotia. Hydrographic survey vessels are used to conduct hydrographic and seismic surveys of the seabed and the underlying geology. This information is useful for both producing navigational charts for shipping, and for detecting geological features which are likely to bear oil or gas. These vessels usually mount equipment on a towed structure, for example, air-cannons, used to generate a high pressure shock wave to sound the strata beneath the seabed, or mounted on the keel, for example, a depth sounder. An example of a hydrographic survey vessel is NOAAS Rude. Oceanographic research vessels carry out research on the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water, the atmosphere and climate, and as such, are required to carry equipment for collection of water samples from a range of depths, including the deep seas, as well as equipment for hydrographic sounding of the seabed, along with numerous other environmental sensors. An example of an oceanographic research vessel is the R/V Thomas G. Thompson. As the requirements of both oceanographic and hydrographic research are very different to those of fisheries research, these boats often fulfil a dual role. Due to the demanding nature of the work these ships have to deal with, research vessels are often constructed around an icebreaker hull, allowing them to operate in polar waters.


Vessel Crews

Crews on the smaller ships can number as few as three or four. Some of the larger vessels carry 20 to 30 people, as many as half of them could be crew, the remainder being specialist such as scientist, geologists, or people involved in any of the many jobs related to operations (maritime industry).


Daily Operations

Crews normally sign on to work and live aboard the ship an extended period of time . This is followed by an extended period of time off, depending on the company. Work details on Research vessel, like many ships, are organized into shifts of up to 12 hours.

Living aboard the ship, each crew member and worker will have a shift, lasting some portion of a 24 hour day. Most supply vessels are provided with a "bridge" area for navigating and operating the ship, machinery spaces, living quarters, and an area for cooking and eating. Some have built in work areas, and common areas for entertainment. The large main deck area is sometimes utilized for portable housing.

Living quarters consist of a bunk area, lockers, and spaces for storing personal items. Living areas are provided with wash basins, showers and toilets. Officers living quarters are sometimes outfitted with a small work desk, private sinks, showers and toilets.

The "galley" or cooking and eating areas aboard ship will be stocked with enough grocery items to last for the intended voyage. A walk-in size cooler and freezer, a commercial stove and oven, deep sinks, storage and counter space will be available for the persons doing the cooking. The eating area will have coffee makers, toasters, microwave ovens, cafeteria style seating, and other ammentities needed to feed a hard working crew. Depending on the size of the ships roster and organizational structure, the galley will normally serve four complete meals each day.


List of some research vessels by country

Argentina

ARA Almirante Irízar, docked in Puerto de la Ciudad, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
ARA Almirante Irízar, docked in Puerto de la Ciudad, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Australia

Belgium
  • RV Belgica
  • RV Zeeleuw

Canada

France

R.V. Pourquoi pas harboured in Brest, France.
R.V. Pourquoi pas harboured in Brest, France.
  • RV Côte d'Aquitaine
  • RV Côtes de la Manche
  • RV Gwen-Drez
  • RV L'Atalante
  • RV L'Europe
  • RV La Curieuse
  • RV Le Suroît
  • RV Marion Dufresne
  • RV Pourquoi Pas?
  • RV Thalassa
  • RV Thalia
  • RV Thethys II

Germany

RV Maria S. Merian - Germany's latest research vessel
RV Maria S. Merian - Germany's latest research vessel

Research ship Planet of the German Navy
Research ship Planet of the German Navy

India
  • INS Sagardhwani

Ireland

R.V. Celtic Explorer, a multi-purpose research vessel at sea in Galway Bay, Ireland.
R.V. Celtic Explorer, a multi-purpose research vessel at sea in Galway Bay, Ireland.
  • RV Celtic Explorer
  • RV Celtic Voyager

Italy
  • RV OGS Explora

Netherlands
  • RV Pelagia
  • RV Navicula
  • RV Stern
  • RV Tridens
  • RV Isis

New Zealand
  • RV Tangaroa


Norway
  • RV G.M. Dannevig
  • RV Johan Hjort
  • RV Jan Mayen
  • RV Håkon Mosby
RV Håkon Mosby harboured in Longyearbyen.
RV Håkon Mosby harboured in Longyearbyen.
  • RV Dr Fridtjof Nansen
  • RV Johan Ruud
  • RV G.O. Sars
  • RV Trygve Braarud
  • RV Bjørn Føyn

Pakistan
  • PNS Behr Paima

Poland

RV Oceania, research sailing vessel of Polish Academy of Science
RV Oceania, research sailing vessel of Polish Academy of Science

RV Kaszubski Brzeg of The Polish Maritime Museum in Gdańsk
RV Kaszubski Brzeg of The Polish Maritime Museum in Gdańsk
  • ORP Arctowski
  • ORP Heweliusz
  • ORP Kopernik
  • RV Baltica
  • RV Doktor Lubecki
  • RV IMOR
  • RV Kaszubski Brzeg
  • RV (SY) Oceania
  • RV Oceanograf 1
  • RV Oceanograf 2
  • ORP Planeta (retired)
  • ORP Zodiak (retired)
  • RV Birkut (retired)
  • RV Hydromet (retired)
  • RV Pomorzanin (retired)
  • RV Profesor Bogucki (retired)
  • RV Profesor Siedlecki (retired)
  • RV Wieczno (retired)

Portugal
  • MV Capricornio
  • MV Noruega

Soviet Union/Russia

List of current operating research vessels of Russia as of 2006, a lot of them are operated since Soviet times:


RV Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in the Baltic Sea.
RV Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in the Baltic Sea.
RV Akademik Sergey Vavilov, moored in Bremerhaven.
RV Akademik Sergey Vavilov, moored in Bremerhaven.
  • RV Aleksei Chirikov
  • RV Amur
  • RV Andrei Vilkitzky
  • RV Arktika
  • RV Artemida
  • RV Atlantida
  • RV Atlantniro
  • RV Atlas
  • RV Atmosfera
  • RV Bar
  • RV Boris Davidov
  • RV Briz
  • RV Buran
  • RV Dalniye Zelentsy
  • RV Dmitry Peskov
  • RV Faddey Bellinsgausen
  • RV Fritiof Nansen
  • RV Fyodor Litke
  • RV Gals
  • RV Gelendzhik
  • RV Geo Arctic
  • RV Geofizik
  • RV Geolog Dmitriy Nalivkin
  • RV Geolog Fersman
  • RV Gidrobiolog
  • RV Gidrolog
  • RV Gidrofizik
  • RV Gigrometr
  • RV Glubina
  • RV Groza
  • RV Impuls
  • RV Ivan Kruzenshtern
  • RV Ivan Petrov
  • RV Jakov Smirnitskiy
  • RV Kapitan Dranitsyn
RV Kapitan Dranitsyn, 2006.
RV Kapitan Dranitsyn, 2006.
  • RV Kol'skaja
  • RV Kompas
  • RV Leonid Morozov
  • RV Lugovoe
  • RV Mangazeya
  • RV Metan
  • RV Mikhail Verbitskiy
  • RV Miraz
  • RV Murmanskaja
  • RV Okean
  • RV Pamyat Merkuriya
  • RV Pavel Gordienko
  • RV Persey
  • RV Pomor
  • RV Priboy
  • RV Priliv
  • RV Professor Bogorov
  • RV Professor Gagarinskiy
  • RV Professor Kaganovskiy
  • RV Professor Khromov
  • RV Professor Kurentsov
  • RV Professor Logachev
  • RV Professor Molchanov
  • RV Professor Multanovskyi
  • RV Professor Shtokman
  • RV Professor Zubov
  • RV Rift
FRV Scotia
FRV Scotia
  • RV Roumb
  • RV Semyon Dezhnev
  • RV Shelf
  • RV Smolensk
  • RV Taimyr
  • RV Tantal
  • RV Tor
  • RV Vadim Popov
  • RV Valentin Shashin
  • RV Valerian Uryvayev
  • RV Viktor Buynitskiy
  • RV Vsevolod Timonov
  • RV Vulkanolog
  • RV Vyacheslav Frolov
FRV Clupea
FRV Clupea
  • RV Yantar
  • RV Yaroslavets
  • RV Yuzhmorgeologiya
  • RV Zapolyarjye
  • RV Zenit

United Kingdom

United States

NOAA Research Ship Ka'Imimana (R-333).
NOAA Research Ship Ka'Imimana (R-333).

RV Atlantis is operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
RV Atlantis is operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

RV Savannah at its home dock at the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography.
RV Savannah at its home dock at the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography.

  • DV JOIDES Resolution
  • FWS Black Douglas
  • NOAAS Albatross IV
  • NOAAS David Starr Jordan
  • NOAAS Delaware II
  • NOAAS Fairweather
  • NOAAS Gordon Gunter
  • NOAAS Hi'ialakai
  • NOAAS John N. Cobb
  • NOAAS Ka'imimoana
  • NOAAS Miller Freeman
  • NOAAS McArthur II
  • NOAAS Nancy Foster
  • NOAAS Okeanos Explorer - under conversion until FY2007
  • NOAAS Oregon II
  • NOAAS Oscar Dyson
  • NOAAS Oscar Elton Sette
  • NOAAS Ronald H. Brown
  • NOAAS Rainier
  • NOAAS Rude
  • NOAAS Thomas Jefferson
  • SSV Corwith Cramer
  • RP FLIP (Scripps)
  • RV Atlantis (WHOI)
  • RV Bellows (FIO)
  • RV Cape Hatteras (Duke/UNC)
  • RV Endeavor (URI)
  • RV Hugh R. Sharp (University of Delaware Marine and Earth Studies, in service 2005)
  • RV Knorr (WHOI)
  • RV Marcus Langseth (LDEO, in service 2006)
  • RV Maurice Ewing (LDEO, retired)
  • RV Melville (Scripps)
  • RV Nathaniel B. Palmer (USAP)
  • RV New Horizon (Scripps)
  • RV Laurence M. Gould (USAP)
  • RV Oceanus (WHOI)
  • RV Point Lobos (MBARI)
  • RV Robert Gordon Sproul (Scripps)
  • RV Roger Revelle (Scripps)
  • RV Savannah (SkIO)
  • RV Te Vega (Hopkins Marine Station)
  • RV Suncoaster (FIO)
  • RV Tioga (WHOI)
  • RV Thomas G. Thompson (UW)
  • RV Western Flyer (MBARI)
  • RV Zephyr (MBARI)